van Tonder, Francine


Current Institution: 

Francine van Tonder is a qualified Architect, Lecturer, and Cold Studio specification consultancy start-up owner, with a MTech Architecture from the Tshwane University of Technology and a Master of Business Leadership from the University of South Africa. She is currently reading towards a Doctor of Architecture. Francine is a Sessional Lecturer at the University of the Witwatersrand, Department of Architecture and Planning and a Part Time Lecturer at Tshwane University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Industrial Design.

Francine, as a self-proclaimed lifelong student, is an aspiring researcher and author, who is happiest living her purpose working with Architecture students.

Francine van Tonder

Architectural artisanship skills development strategies implemented through architectural design studio projects focused on process



Architecture & Built Environment

Design education is an integral part of the architectural student’s journey. Traditionally, in the undergraduate course, emphasis is placed on the skills development of conceptual sketching, model making, storytelling, and various communications of the concept and design processes. However, these skills are often seen as separate parts and taught as such without always utilising the opportunities to integrate these various aspects and parts into a holistic process. Architectural artisanship is a vital part of design acumen and must be seen as a skill that facilitates the design process rather than a separate entity.

Use of automation and artificial intelligence as a sub-set of knowledge management domain in architectural organisations in South Africa



Architecture & Built Environment

The purpose of this paper is to publish research findings on the use of automation and artificial intelligence as a sub-set of knowledge management domains in architectural organisations in South Africa. Automation and artificial intelligence are two aspects that the fourth industrial revolution deals with, and automation may drastically change the way humans work.

For this paper, research data was collected by means of a qualitative research study. Consisting of 14 semi-structured interviews. The paper presents a discussion and research on the use of automation and artificial intelligence in the service architectural organisations provide.

DEFSA conferences

DEFSA promotes relevant research with the focus on design + education through its biennial conferences, to promote professionalism, accountability and ethics in the education of young designers. Our next conference is a hybrid event. See above for details.

Critical skills endorsement

Professional Members in good standing can receive a certificate of membership, but DEFSA cannot provide confirmation or endorsement of skills whatsoever. DEFSA only confirm membership of DEFSA which is a NPO for Design Education in South Africa (